Diwali Pooja -
Worship of Goddess Laxmi & Ganesh
(Diwali on October
26, 2011 )
When is Diwali in
Diwali Legend |Diwali - Five days Celebration |
Diwali Pooja |
Govardhan Pooja |
Laxmi Pooja |
Ganesh Pooja |
Diwali in Jainism |
Special Significance of Diwali |Diwali Pooja
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Black Kaudi | Kaali Kowdi
Kaudi or Kaalili Kowdi or Black Cowrie shell is of great
significance in the worship of Goddess Maha Kaali ji and Lord
It protect from negative
energies of black magic and relieves the native from the clutches of
tantra.In Astrology, Black Kaudi is used to balance the planetary
effect of Saturn and the malefic effects of Ketu and Rahu.It ensures
protection from spirits and blck magic.
Yellow Kaudi | Peeli Kowdi
Yellow Kaudi or Peeli Kowdi or Yellow Cowrie shell is of great
significance in the worship of Goddess Mahalaxmi and Lord Vishnu.
Yellow Kaudi is used to balance the planetary effect of
Jupiter and the malefic effects of Ketu and Rahu. When kept on Dhanteras and Akshay Triteeya, Yellow Kaudi ensures
a smooth flow of money.
Diwali or Deepawali (rows
of light), is one of the major Indian festivals celebrated by people of almost
all faiths. It is celebrated all over the country with equal enthusiasm. This
festival of LIGHTS, is celebrated to commemorate the returning of Rama and Sita
to their kingdom Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile.
Deepawali symbolises the
victory of righteousness and the lifting of darkness through Spirituality. It is
the celebration of victory of good over evil - and the glory of light. Though,
Diwali is mainly a five- day festival but we can see people preparing Diwali
weeks ahead by cleaning and decorating their households. The main festival day
falls on the no-moon day of the dark half of Kartik, according to the Hindu
The third day of the festival of Diwali is the
most important day of Lakshmi-pooja and is entirely devoted to the propitiation
of Goddess Lakshmi. On this very day sun enters his second course and passes
Libra which is represented by the balance or scale. Hence, this design of Libra
is believed to have suggested the balancing of account books and their closing.
Despite the fact that this day falls on an amavasya day it is regarded as the
The day of Lakshmi-Pooja falls on the dark night of Amavasya. The strains of
joyous sounds of bells and drums float from the temples as man is invoking
Goddess Laxmi in a wondrous holy "pouring-in" of his heart. All of a sudden that
impenetrable darkness is pierced by innumerable rays of light for just a moment
and the next moment a blaze of light descends down to earth from heaven as
golden-footed Deep-Lakshmi alights on earth in all her celestial glory amidst
chantings of Vedic hymns.
A sublime light of knowledge dawns upon humanity and this self enlightenment is
expressed through the twinkling lamps that illuminate the palaces of thewealthy
as well as the lowly abodes of the poor. It is believed that on this day Lakshmi
walks through the green fields and loiters through the bye-lanes and showers her
blessings on man for plenty and prosperity.
Lakshmi , or the worship of the goddess of wealth, is the main event on Diwali in North and West India. It is extremely important to keep the house
spotlessly clean and pure on Diwali. Goddess Lakshmi likes cleanliness, and she
will visit the cleanest house first. This is also the reason why the broom is
worshiped on this day with offerings of haldi and kumkum (turmeric and
vermilion). Lamps are lit in the evening to welcome the goddess. They are
believed to light up Her path.
Lakshmi Pooja consists of a combined pooja of five deities: Ganesha is worshiped
at the beginning of every auspicious act as Vighnaharta; Goddess Lakshmi is
worshiped in her three forms - Mahalakshmi (the goddess of wealth and money),
Mahasaraswati (the goddess of books and learning), and Mahakali; Kuber (the
treasurer of the gods) is also worshiped.
A Diwali is worship to the Deities of the Hindu Religion in the form of prayer,
offerings and sacrifices. The day of Diwali is important since it signifies the
worship and praise of devotees to the various deities; but most importantly, it
is a day of praise to Goddess Lakshmi and by extension the
divine mother of the entire universe and the earthly (physical) mother. Most
devout Hindus perform the Dipavali in a fixed, ritualistic pattern, by
celebrating in praise and offerings to Lord Ganesh,
Lord Shiva, The Nine Planets, Kalsa (representing the Universe) and Mother
During the Dipavali n, offerings are made to the fire (Agni devta), which
is viewed as the mouth of the Divine- it is the actual feeding of the God.
During Diwali , sixteen prescribed steps occur (symbolic of the sixteen
ceremonies to be completed in the life span of a Hindu) including the welcoming
of the Deity, giving the Deity a place to sit, the washing of the feet,
decorating the Deity, and the offering of food items, clothing or money to seek
Fresh, sweet-scented flowers along with specific herbs and plants are used, as
well as Jhal/Phaag (a combination of
milk, ghee, honey and spices). The planting of flags with significant colors
associated with the deities is used to symbolize the offerings. In addition,
this particular not only celebrates happiness with light, but with song,
chanting, tasting of food, ringing of bells, and the blowing of Conch shells as
blessings are bestowed among family members.
Tiny lamps of clay are lighted to drive away the shadows of evil spirits and
Self-enlightenment is expressed. It is
believed that on this day Lakshmi visits each household and showers her
blessings on man for plenty and prosperity. Once the ceremonial worship is
finished in the evening, sweets are offered to the goddess as "Naivedya" and
distributed as "Prasad". Feasts are
arranged and gifts are exchanged on this day. Gaily dressed men, women and
children go to temples and fairs, visit friends and relatives.
One of the most curious customs, which characterizes this festival of Dipavali,
is the indulgence of gambling, especially on a large scale in North India. It is
believed that Goddess Parvati played dice with her husband,
Lord Shiva on this day and she decreed that whosoever gambled
on Diwali night would prosper throughout the ensuring year. This tradition of
playing cards- flush and rummy with stakes on this particular day continues even
the festival of Laxmi, the Goddess of prosperity and wealth. It is believed that
Goddess Laxmi visit everyone during Diwali and brings peace and prosperity to
all. On the night of Diwali "Lakshmi-n" is performed in the
evenings. A traditional Poojan is performed after sunset in all the homes.
Five pieces of ghee diyas (lamps) are
lit in front of the deities, naivedya of traditional sweets is offered to the
Goddess and devotional songs are sung in praise of Goddess Laxmi. After
Deepawali Pooja people light diyas (lamps) in their homes to usher in light and
clear the darkness from the world.
In villages cattle are adorned and worshipped by farmers as they form the main
source of their income. In south, cows are offered special veneration as they
are supposed to be the incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi and therefore they are
adorned and worshipped on this day.
Step By Step Diwali Poojan - Diwali n
vidhi - Diwali Process
the Pooja room and then Bathe each Deity (Lakshmi & Ganesh) first with water,
then with panchamitra /or rose water, followed by water once more
Deepak (Lamp) in front of the Deities - as the tiny diyas of clay are lighted
to drive away the shadows of evil spirits
Panchamitra with 5 ingredients of milk, curd, ghee (clarified butter), sugar &
Few sweets, mithais, snacks & fruits as a prashad.
offerings of flowers, Abir (red colour), Sindoor (vermillion) and Haldi
(turmeric). Light the Agarbatti (incense sticks) and lamps filled with Ghee.
make offerings of Fruit, Sweet dishes (mithai), Salty snacks (Mathis, Ghathia,
Namakpare) and offer Dakshina (token money), which could be given to the poor.
In the end offer paan (betel leaves), cloves. Now pray to the deities to seek
Ganesh : Ganesh
Pooja is a must for Diwali Pooja. (Lord Ganesha is to be
worshipped in all poojas before any other God or Goddess.) (Ganesh Aarti is
Laxmi : Place Lotus and other flowers at her feet as an offering. A silver
coin is placed in front of the Goddess during the pooja. Now perform Aarti with
flowers in hand (Lakshmi Aarti is sung). After Deepawali Poojan have the Prasad
and go out to burst Diwali Crackers.
was the daughter of the sage Bhrigu and took refuge in the ocean of milk when
the gods were sent into exile. Lakshmi was reborn during the Churning of the
Ocean. As soon as the gods saw Lakshmi, they all fell in love with her beauty.
Shiva claimed Lakshmi as his wife, but since he had already taken the Moon, her
hand was given to Vishnu, whom Lakshmi herself preferred.
Lakshmi Pooja is performed on the third day of Diwali and is a way to commemorate
the splendor of Goddess Lakshmi who signifies money and good luck. According to
the belief, Goddess Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth & prosperity and Lakshmi
Pooja on Diwali day is considered the best way of pleasing her. Lakshmi Pooja
falls on the dark night of Amavasya. On this particular day sun enters its
second course and passesby Libra, which is represented by the sign of balance.
That’s why, the design of Libra has been suggested to be the sign for the
balancing of the account books. An important tradition associated with Lakshmi
Pooja is that of gambling. It is believed that Goddess Parvati while playing dice
with her husband, Lord Shiva said that whoever would play dice on the eve of
Lakshmi Pooja would be granted with prosperity for the entire year.
Steps of Lakshmi Pooja - Laxmi Pooja process
new cloth on a raised platform: Place a handful of grains in the center and, on
this, place a kalash (pitcher) made of gold, silver, copper, or terracotta. Fill
three-fourth of the kalash with water and place a betel nut, a flower, a coin,
and some rice grains in it. Arrange five kinds of leaves or mango leaves in the
kalash . Place a small dish on the kalash and fill it with rice grains. Draw a
lotus with turmeric powder ( haldi ) over the rice grains and place the idol of
goddess Lakshmi over it, along with coins.
idol of Ganesha: In front of the kalash, on the right (South-West direction),
place the idol of Ganesha. Also place ink and books related to your business or
occupation on the platform. Light a lamp and begin the pooja by offering haldi,
kumkum, and flowers to the platform on which the kalash is placed. Then offer
haldi, kumkum, and flowers to the water that is to be used for the pooja. Invoke
the river goddesses to be part of this water.
goddess: Lakshmi by reciting the Vedic mantras addressed to her. One can also
recite the mantras mentioned in the Puranas or simply take some flowers in your
hands, close your eyes, and think of goddess Lakshmi being showered with gold
coins by two elephants standing on either side of Her and chant Her name. Then
offer the flowers to the idol.
idol of Lakshmi: Place the idol of Lakshmi in a plate and bathe it with water,
panchamrit (a mixture of milk, curd, ghee or clarified butter, honey, and sugar)
and then with water containing some gold ornament or a pearl. Wipe the idol
clean and place it back on the kalash. Alternately, you can just sprinkle water
and panchamrit on the idol with a flower.
Offer sandal paste, saffron paste, perfume ( itr ), haldi, kumkum, abeer, and
gulal to the goddess. Offer a garland of cotton beads to the goddess. Offer
flowers, especially the marigold flowers and leaves of Bel (wood apple tree).
Light an incense stick and dhoop. Make an offering of sweets, coconut, fruits,
and tambul. Make an offering of puffed rice and batasha. Pour some puffed rice,
batasha, coriander seeds, and cumin seeds over the idol. Safe where you keep
money and jewelry; Worship this safe as a symbol of Lord Kuber.
Finally, perform the aarti for goddess Lakshmi. Always remember that She abhors
loud noise. So the aarti should be accompanied only by a small bell. Do not clap
hands, as is the practice when performing aarti for other gods. A peaceful and
sublime atmosphere should prevail during the poojan. Do not light crackers while
the pooja is on or immediately after it.
is a must for Diwali as he is to be worshiped in all poojas before any
other god or goddess. Traditionally on Diwali night, Ganesh shares the altar
with Lakshmi. Shree Ganesh is the god of good beginnings and the fabled remover
of obstacles. In the Hindu pantheon, the two are unrelated, Ganesh being the son
of Shiva and Parvati. However, when placed side by side, Lakshmi Ganesh hold out
promise of a year of fulfillment, free from wants.
During the Ganesh pooja, the idol of goddess Lakshmi is placed on the left and
Lord Ganesha, the elephant headed god is kept on the right. Lakshmi is the
goddess of wealth and prosperity and also personifies beauty, grace, and charm.
She is normally depicted seated on a lotus with
gold coins. Lord Ganesh has many functions in the Hindu
pantheon. He is the Lord of Wisdom and the remover of obstacles.
Hindus believe that he must be kept happy to ensure smooth passage on the road
to accomplishments. For this reason, he is worshiped together with Lakshmi
during Diwali, the Festival of Lights. Then, Lakshmi is worshiped for wealth and
prosperity, while Ganesh is worshiped first to ensure that any obstacles to
obtaining wealth and prosperity are removed.
Shri Laxmi-Ganesh Pooja takes place on Diwali by placing their idol on a
platform, making various offerings of sandal paste, saffron paste,
perfume(itr), haldi, kumkum, abeer, gulal, garland of cotton beads, flowers,
especially the marigold flowers and leaves of Bel (wood apple tree). Incense
stick and dhoop is lit and offering of sweets, coconut, fruits, and tambul are
made. At the end of , aarti dedicated to Lord Ganesh is sung by the
Maha Kali Pooja
Maa Maha Kali is the
fearful and ferocious form of the mother goddess Durga.On one hand she punishes
the guilty while on the other she blesses her devotees with virtues of all kind.
As the legend goes, in the battle, Kali was so much involved in the killing
spree that she got carried away and began destroying everything in sight. To
stop her, Lord Shiva
threw himself under her feet. Shocked at this sight, Kali stuck out her tongue
in astonishment, and put an end to her homicidal rampage. Hence the common image
of Kali shows her in her mêlée mood, standing with one foot on Shiva's chest,
with her enormous tongue stuck out.
Kali Pooja is done to
diminish the ego and all negative tendencies that hinder spiritual progress and
material prosperity. Performed on the night of
Kartik Amavasya, which falls in October/November, Kali Pooja is an
intense invocation to the fearsome goddess. The main purpose of the pooja is to
seek the help of the goddess in destroying evil - both in the outside world and
The legend goes that long ago the demons, Shumbha and Nishumbha, disturbed the
peace of Indra, the king of gods, and his empire (heaven). After extensive and
endless battles, the gods lost all hope and the demons became stronger.
took refuge in the Himalayas, the holy mountains, the home of Lord Shiva and
Parvati. The shaken gods sought protection from
Mahamaya Durga, the goddess of Shakti.
Kali was born from Durga's forehead as Kal Bhoi
Nashini, created to save heaven and earth from the growing cruelty of
the demons. Along with Dakini and
Jogini, her two escorts, she set on
her way to end the war and kill the devils.
There was chaos all around. After slaughtering the demons, Kali made a garland
of their heads and wore it around her neck. In the bloodbath, she lost control
and started killing anyone who came her way. The gods started running for their
lives. The only source of protection seemed Lord Shiva, Durga's consort.
Seeing the endless slaughter, Shiva devised a plan to save the world. He lay
down in the path of the rampaging Kali. When the goddess unknowingly stepped on
him, she regained her senses. The well-known picture of Ma Kali, with her tongue
hanging out, actually depicts the moment when she steps on the Lord and repents.
That momentous day is celebrated ever since. Kali, also called
Kali, is the first of the 10 avatars (incarnations) of Durga. Kali
is performed essentially to seek protection against drought and war, for general
happiness, health, wealth, and peace. It is a tantrik pooja and performed only at
midnight on Amavasya (new moon night) in November.